After conception how does a cervival mucus look like?

Cervical mucus is fluid or gel-like discharge from the cervix that is released throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle, with varying thickness and amount. This can be attributed to hormone levels fluctuating throughout the cycle. Hormones stimulate glands in the cervix to produce mucus.

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Cervical mucus can help in predicting ovulation, so one can track the mucus to conceive or avoid pregnancy. This is known as fertility awareness, or cervical monitoring.

The amount, color, and consistency of cervical mucus each cycle is different for everyone. The general changes one might expect include the following:

  • During the menstrual period. Blood will cover the mucus, so one is not likely to notice it during these days.
  • After period. Immediately following the period, one may have dry days. When one might not notice any discharge.
  • Before ovulation. The body produces mucus before an egg is released, or before ovulation occurs. It may be yellow, white, or cloudy. The mucus may feel gluey or stretchy in consistency.
  • Immediately before ovulation. Just prior to ovulation, a woman’s estrogen levels are on the rise. One may see more clear, stretchy, watery, and slippery mucus similar to the consistency of egg-whites.
  • During ovulation. The clear, stretchy mucus with the consistency of egg whites will be present during ovulation. The texture and pH of this mucus are protective for sperm. For this reason it is expected for women who are planning to get pregnant or start a family, to have sex during ovulation.
  • After ovulation. There is less discharge after ovulation. It may turn thicker, cloudy, or gluey again. Some women experience dry days during this time.

Cervical mucus may also change during the early stages of pregnancy. While it may be possible to notice changes in cervical mucus during the early stages of pregnancy, these changes are usually subtle and vary from one person to another. During early pregnancy there is usually an increase in the amount of cervical discharge. However, the change may be so slight that it may be barely noticeable. Early on in a pregnancy, one may notice a larger amount of dry whitish-yellow discharge in the end of the day or overnight. During pregnancy, the body’s hormone levels will begin to rise dramatically in order to prepare the body to grow, and they also help protect and nourish the baby.

These hormonal changes can lead to an increase in vaginal discharge with the progress of pregnancy. This happens naturally, as the body works to prevent vaginal infections, especially during more advanced stages of pregnancy. During the first weeks of a pregnancy, cervical mucus may change in colour and consistency. One may notice stickier, white, or yellow mucus, known as leucorrhea. As the pregnancy progresses, the vaginal discharge may continue to change.

One may also be taking birth control pills. These pills thicken cervical mucus so as to avoid the sperm from reaching the egg. Hence, if one is on birth control pills, her cervical mucus may have a different consistency than when one is not on birth control pills.

There are a few ways to check changes to cervical mucus,

Manually: Tracking the mucus consistency daily by inserting a clean finger or two into the vagina, near the cervix. One can note the colour and texture of the mucus on the fingers after gently pulling it out.

Using toilet paper: Wiping the opening of your vagina with white toilet tissue. Do this before you pee or use the restroom. One should always note the colour and consistency of the mucus or discharge on the tissue.

Check underwear or a panty liner: One can also look for changes in discharge on the underwear daily. One can alternatively use a panty liner to track changes. Depending on the colour of the underwear and the amount of time that has passed, this method might be less reliable than other methods.

It should be remembered that if the discharge,

  • smells foul
  • is bright yellow, green, or gray
  • causes itching, swell, burning, or irritation,

it should be taken as a sign of infection and a doctor is to be consulted immediately.

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